Irrigation can be defined as a process of putting a manageable amount of water in the soil when need There are four main methods of irrigation. The greatest method is the surface method irrigation. In this method water is distributed to the soil by gravity. The water is introduced to the furrows or basins in the farm by using of siphons, gated pipes or turn out structures and is allowed to spread all over the field. For this method to be done the land must be flat and gently sloping and the soil must have a medium to a soft texture. Sprinkler irrigation is the other mode of irrigation. In this method water is sprayed and sprinkled in the air just like rain. The method is quite costly since one requires a good amount of money to purchase equipment needed for the method such as pipes and sprinklers. The the method is not limited to the terrain of the land.
Drip is another irrigation method. In this method water is put into the soil directly in the form of drops or streams. The advantage of this method is that it can be used in all soil types. Another irrigation method is subsurface irrigation. In this method of irrigation water is applied below the soil surface. One factor that may cause variations in the depth of water table. Irrigation has been of great impact to the society today. Drought has been dealt with due to advancement of irrigation thus crops are protected. Crops thrive well and as a result, lead to a great harvest. Irrigation has helped to improve food security in countries and therefore reducing hunger-related mortality.
The other benefit of irrigation is that it helps to preserve soil nutrients. Manual watering may cause runoff water that may result in leaching carrying away nutrients in the soil. The another benefit of irrigation is to increase the rate at which the plant grows. The plans are able to make their foods at a fast rate through photosynthesis due to their green colour. This aid in time management since plants will not experience stunted growth. The another benefit resulting from irrigation is minimal weed growth retain the land. When an irrigation system is installed, only areas that need water will receive. T his aids in reducing the chances of weed growth in the farm. There is great time management due to irrigation. One is able to conserve the time that he or she would have used to water the land manually.
Irrigation has helped even in turning unproductive land into great use. T his has aided in land wastage reduction since more land has been put into use. plant Irrigation is an easy thing to carry out since it does not necessarily require tap water but can use groundwater-surface water as well as recycled water. Irrigation materials are not hard to get since apart from them being available in the market they are also present in online markets. There are various online outlets that have ventured wholely into online marketing of irrigation tools at relatively cheap prices that will favor the clients.